Multi-Apartment Buildings

Tamás Perényi

Professional Leader
associate professor

Tamás Niczki

Zsófia Dankó

Boglárka Szentirmai

Author

Zoltán André

(collection of data)

Tímea Nikházy

(collection of data)

Margó Szécsi

(collection of data)

Zoltán Török

(collection of data)

Viola Tóth

(collection of data)

Andor Wesselényi-Garay

Patrick Mullowney

lector

Anikó Annamária Németh

translate

Péter Brenyó

Albert Máté

DocBook format

Copyright 2013

2013

Abstract

In our curricular collection entitled Multi-Apartment Houses, we focus on multi-storey, multi-apartment residential buildings, while we deal with all the other types of multi-apartment houses in Low-Rise High-Density Housing.


Table of Contents

Introductory Essay
The Topic of Multi-Apartment Buildings
Categories of Multi-Apartment Houses
The Structuring of This Collection
Examples of Historic Periods and Vernacular Architectural Prototypes
Multi-Apartment Buildings in the First Half of the 20th Century
Projects in the Latter Half of the 20th Century
Contemporary Experiments, Design Issues
1. Apartment Buildings from the First Part of the 20th Century – International Projects
Majolica House, Vienna, Austri
mp; Russell, Graham Court, New York, US
Rue Franklin Apartments, Paris, Franc
Casa Milà, Barcelona, Spain, 19
Klerk, Hembrugstraat, Amsterdam, Netherland
Gradins Vavin, Paris, Franc
der Rohe, Weissenhofsiedlung, Stuttgart, German
- Martin Wagner, Britz Hufeisensiedlung, Berlin, Germany,
- Ignati Milinis, Narkomfin Communal House, Moscow, Russi
Siemensstadt Housing, Berlin, German
Karl-Marx-Court, Vienna, Austria
Highpoint Apartment Blocks, London, U
- Pietro Lingeri, Casa Lavezzari, Milan, Ital
Giuseppe Terragni - Pietro Lingeri, Casa Rustici, Corso Sempione, Milan, 1936
Charles Marshall - William Tweedy, Viceroy Court in St. John’s Wood, London, UK, 1934-36
amus - Palanti, Fabio Filzi Quarter - Residential complex in the Milan suburbs, Ital
Micthell - Bridgwater - Gollins & Smeeton AA, Viceroy Close, Birmingham, UK, 1938
Robert Atkinson, Oslo Court, London, UK, 1938
Mario Terzaghi - Augusto Magnaghi Delfino, Apartment Building, Como, Italy, 1939
Giuseppe Terragni, Giuliani-Frigerio Apartments, Como, Italy, 1940
2. Apartment Buildings from the First Half of the 20th Century – Hungarian Projects
Henrik Böhm – Ármin Hegedűs, Török Bank, Szervita Square No. 3, Budapest, District V, 1906
Béla Lajta, Rózsavölgyi House, Szervita Square No. 5, Budapest, District V, 1911-12
Béla Málnai, Former Czech-Hungarian Industrial Bank, Nádor Street No. 6, Budapest, District V, 1912
Iván Kotsis, Luther House, Nyíregyháza, 1929
Pál Ligeti – Farkas Molnár, Delej Mansion, Mihály Street No. 11, Budapest, District I, 1930
Károly Rainer, Mailáth Houses, Keleti Károly Street, Budapest, District II, 1930
Pál Detre - Máté Major, Tenement House, Attila Road No. 129, Budapest, District I, 1934
Lajos Kozma, Six-Flat Tenement Mansion, Bimbó Road No. 39, Budapest, District II, 1934
László Lauber - István Nyíri, Tenement House, Kékgolyó Street No. 10, Budapest, District XII, 1934
Gábor Preisich - Mihály Vadász, Manfréd Weiss’s Pension Funds Tenement House, Bartók Béla Road No. 62–64, Budapest, District XI, 1934
Aladár Árkay - Sándor Faragó - József Fischer - Károly Heysa - Pál Ligeti - Farkas Molnár - Móric Pogány - Gábor Preisich - Mihály Vadász, OTI Tenement Houses, Pope John Paul II Square (formerly Köztársaság Square) Nos. 14,15 and 16, Budapest, District VIII, 1935
Lajos Kozma, Átrium House, Margit Boulevard No. 55, Budapest, District II, 1936
Dr. Béla Barát - Ede Novák, Georgia Tenement Palace, Rákóczi Road No. 4, Budapest, District VII, 1936
Béla Hofstätter - Ferenc Domány, Dunapark House, Pozsonyi Road No. 38-40, Budapest, District XIII, 1936
László Lauber - István Nyíri - Sándor Bálint, Tenement House, Irányi Street No. 8, Budapest, District V, 1936
Farkas Molnár, Condominiums, Pasaréti Road No. 7, Budapest, District II, 1936
Móric Pogány - István Janáky, Bérvilla, Áfonya Street, Budapest, District II, 1936
Károly Bálint, Tenement Mansion with Businesses, Kolumbusz Street No. 57/b, Budapest, District XIV, 1937
Lajos Kozma - Vilmos Dénes, Tenement House, Régiposta Street No. 13, Budapest, District V, 1937
György Rumszauer, Tenement House of the Association of the Royal Hungarian Postmasters and Postal Employees, Szalay Street No. 5/a, Budapest, District V, 1937
Gyula Wälder, Tenement House (Holitscher House), Rákóczi Road No. 12, Budapest, District VII, 1937
János Wanner, Tenement Mansion, Szilágyi Erzsébet Avenue No. 61, Budapest, District II, 1937
Béla Hofstätter - Ferenc Domány, Tenement House of Weiss Manfréd Companies’ Recognised Pension Fund, Margit Boulevard Nos. 15-17, Budapest, District II, 1938
Tibor Hübner - István Janáky, OTI Tenement House, Károly Boulevard Nos. 13-15, Budapest, District VII, 1940
Dr. Dezső Hültl, Tenement House of the Hungarian Academy of Science (MTA), Károly Boulevard No. 1, Budapest, District VII, 1939
Aladár and Viktor Olgyay, Tenement House, Városmajor Street No. 50/b, Budapest, District XII, 1941
Gedeon Gerlóczy, Tenement House with Businesses, Petőfi Sándor Street No. 12, Budapest, District V, 1944
3. Apartment Buildings from the Latter Half of the 20th Century – International Projects
Luciano Abenante - Francesco Di Salvo - Gian Tristano Papale, Social Housing, Naples, Italy, 1947
Luigi Moretti, Il Girasole, Rome, Italy, 1950
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Lake Shore Drive Apartments, Chicago, USA, 1951
Le Corbusier, Unité d'Habitation, Marseille, France, 1948-52
Mario Asnago - Claudio Vender, Residential Building, Via Faruffini 6, Milan, Italy, 1954
José Antonio Coderch, Casa de la Marina, Barcelona, Spain, 1951–54
Attilio Mariani - Carlo Perogalli, Via Crivelli, Milan, Italy, 1955
Frank Lloyd Wright, Price Tower, Bartlesville, Oklahoma, USA, 1956
Gio Ponti, Casa Via Dezza, Milan, Italy, 1957
Kunio Maekawa, Harumi Apartments, Tokyo, Japan, 1958
Gian Luigi Banfi - Lodovico Belgiojoso - Enrico Peresutti - Ernesto Rogers (Studio BBPR), Velasca Tower, Milan, Italy, 1958
Johannes Hendrik van der Broek - Jaap Bakema, Hansaviertel Tower, Berlin, Germany, 1960
Bertrand Goldberg, Marina City, Chicago, USA, 1964
Ernő Goldfinger, Balfron and Trellick Tower, West-London, UK, 1968–72
Moshe Safdie, Habitat ’67, Montreal, Canada, 1967
Alison and Peter Smithson, Robin Hood Gardens, London, UK, 1972
Kisho Kurokawa, Nakagin Capsule Tower, Tokyo, Japan, 1972
Rudolf Olgiati, Apartment House, Flims-Dorf, Switzerland, 1973
Ricardo Bofill - Taller de Arquitectura, Walden 7, Barcelona, Spain, 1973
Cruz y Ortiz Arquitectos, Calle Doña María Coronel 26, Sevilla, Spain, 1976
Rudolf Olgiati, Tschaler House, Chur, Switzerland, 1977
Jean Nouvel, Nemausus I-II, Nîmes, France, 1985–88
4. Apartment Buildings in the Latter Half of the 20th Century – Hungarian Projects
Zoltán Kiss, Apartment Building, Délibáb Street, District VI, Budapest, 1954
Károly Weichinger–Csaba Virág, OTP Apartments, Liszt Ferenc Square, District VII/VI, Budapest, 1961
Zoltán Gulyás, OTP Apartments, Rumbach Sebestyén Street, District VII, Budapest, 1963
György Vedres, OTP Apartments, Bem Embankment, District I, Budapest, 1962
György Jánossy, Apartments, Úri Street No. 38, District I, Budapest, 1963
Tibor Tenke, Medium-Rise Apartment Houses of an Experimental Housing Estate, Budapest, XXII, 1963
Lajos Schmidt, Apartments, Gellérthegy Street, District I, Budapest, 1965
György Tokár - Attila Emődy, Apartments, Hajnóczy József Street, District XII, Budapest, 1965
János Sedlmayr, Apartments, Tárnok Street No. 7, District I, Budapest, 1964
Béla Borvendeg, Apartments, Szeged, Oskola Street, 1968
Levente Varga, Terrace House, Lévay Street No. 8, District II, Budapest, 1967–1969
Csaba Virág, White Dove House, Úri Street, District I, Budapest, 1969
Zoltán Farkasdy - Attila Kenessey, Apartments in the Castle District, Dísz Square, District I, Budapest, 1970
Zoltán Farkasdy, Apartments, Úri Street, District I, Budapest, 1970
Mrs János Sedlmayr, Apartments, Hátsókapu Street, Sopron, 1971
Olga Mináry, Apartment Buildings, Hankóczy Jenő Street, District II, Budapest, 1974
Lajos Horváth, Infill Development in the Castle District, Úri Street, District I, Budapest, 1972
Károly Jurcsik, Apartments, Toboz Street, District III, Budapest, 1977
5. Contemporary Apartment Buildings – International Projects
Gilles Perraudin - Françoise Jourda, Croix Rousse Social Housing, Lyon, France, 1992
Philippe Gazeau, Logements Postiers, Rue de l’Ourcq, Paris, France, 1993
Carlo Baumschlager-Dietmar Eberle, Rohrbach 2 Residential Complex, Dombirn, Austria, 1997
Frédéric Borel, Apartment Building, Rue Pelleport, Paris, France, 1999
Carlos Ferrater, Paseo de Gracia - Diputación Building, Barcelona, Spain, 1999
Herzog & de Meuron, Rue des Suisses Apartment Buildings, Paris, France, 2000
de Architekten Cie, The Whale, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2000
Kazuyo Sejima–Ryue Nishiziwa (SANAA), Kitagata Housing, Kitagata, Japan, 2000
Carlo Baumschlager - Dietmar Eberle, Hötting-West Development, Innsbruck, Austria, 2000
Eduardo Souto de Moura, Maia Apartments, Maia, Portugal, 2001
Cino Zucchi, D/Residential Building on La Giudecca, Venice, Italy, 2002
Ercilla - Campo Arquitectura, 168 FLATS Public Housing, Lakua, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, 2002
Alfonso Reyes - Dellekamp Arquitectos, 58 Apartments, Mexico City, Mexico, 2003
MVRDV, Silodam, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2003
Alvaro Siza Vieira, Terraços de Bragança, Lisbon, Portugal, 2004
Claus en Kaan Architecten, Ter Huivra, Joure, Netherlands, 2004
Edouard François, Flower Tower, Paris, France, 2004
Miller & Maranta, Schwarzpark Residences, Basel, Switzerland, 2004
Alexis López Acosta - Xavier Iván Díaz Martín, Edificio Inakasa, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, 2005
David Chipperfield - EMV Social Housing, Villaverde, Madrid, Spain, 2005
MVRDV - Blanca Lleó Asciados, Mirador Apartment Building, Madrid, Spain, 2005
PLOT (BIG+JDS), VM House, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2005
Rafael Moneo - Martinez Lapena, Apartment House, Barcelona, Spain, 2005
Riano Arquitectos, 22-Flat Housing, Madrid, Spain, 2005
Ryue Nishizawa (SANAA), Moriyama House, Tokyo, Japan, 2005
S-M.A.O., Social Housing, Carabanchel, Madrid, Spain, 2005
Amann - Canovas - Maruri, 61-Apartment Social Tenement House, Coslada Puerto, Madrid, Spain, 2006
C.F. Møller Architects, Østerbrogade 105, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2006
Edouard François, La Closeraie, Louviers, France, 2006
Emiliano López - Monica Rivera, 27-Apartment Social Tenement House for Young People, Barcelona, Spain, 2007
Xiaodu Liu & Yan Meng (Urbanus Architecture & Design Inc.), Tolou Collective Housing, Nanhai District, Guandong Province, China, 2008
ZIGZAG Arquitectura, VIVAZZ Social Housing, Mieres, Spain, 2011
6. Contemporary Multi-Apartment Buildings – Hungarian Projects
Tamás Tomay, Three-Flat Apartment House, Kavics Street No. 8/D, Budapest, District II, 1996
György Vadász - László Váncza, Residential Community, Beregszászi Road, Budapest, District XI, 1999
Sándor Pálfy - Ferenc Keller, Residential Community, Csejtei Street Nos. 15–19, Budapest, District II, 1998
Péter Reimholz, Hapimag Apartments, Fortuna Street, Budapest, District I, 2000
Zsófia Csomay - Péter Reimholz, Raul Wallenberg Guesthouse, Toldy Ferenc Street Nos. 8-10 and Szabó Ilonka Street No. 7, Budapest, District I, 2000
János Dobai, Passage House, Mária and Horánszky Streets, Budapest, District VIII, 2001
Dévényi Tamás, Magház (“Core-House”), Rottenbiller Street, Budapest, VII, 2002
Tamás Tomay, Apartment House, Gül Baba Street, Budapest, District II, 2002
Ferenc Cságoly - Ferenc Keller, Barbican House, Pécs, 2001
Margit Pelényi, Social Tenement House, Pécs, 2002
Gábor Turányi, Owner-Occupied Apartment House in Mecset Street, Budapest, District II, 2003
Gábor Csernyánszky, Municipal Tenements, Rákóczy F. Street Nos. 97–105, Budapest, District XXI, 2004
László Kalmár - Zsolt Zsuffa, 4-Flat Apartment Block, Vágás Street No. 22, Budapest, District XIV, 2004
Boros Pál, Owner-Occupied 9-Flat Apartment Block, Kecskemét, 2005
Gunther Zsolt - Csillag Katalin, Owner-Occupied Apartment Block in Futó Street, Budapest, District VIII, 2005
Zsolt Hajnal, Residential Complex, Kapás Street No. 26–44, Budapest, District II, 2005
László Vincze, Azúr Apartmant House, Siófok, 2005
Hajnal Zsolt, Apartments in Futó Street, Budapest, District VIII, 2006
György Hild, Owner-Occupied 12-Flat Apartment Block, Virág árok Street No. 17, Budapest, District XII, 2006
Kis Péter - Valkai Csaba, Municipal Apartments, Práter Street Nos. 30-32, Budapest, District VIII, 2007
Brigitta Mayer - László Szentgyögyi, Owner-Occupied Apartments in Nevegy Street, Budapest, District XI, 2007
Péter Reimholz, Corvinus Palace, Szalag Street, Budapest, District I, 2008
Gábor Zoboki - Nóra Demeter, Dorottya Palace, Dorottya Street, Budapest, District V, 2008
Lukács István - Vikár András, Simplon Court Apartments B, Váli Street, Budapest, District XI, 2009
János Bitó - Gyula Fülöp - Tamás Perényi, Reconstruction and Extension of an Historic Residential Building, Nándor Street No. 9, Budapest, District I, 2009
Gábor Turányi - Bence Turányi, Simplon Court, Bercsényi Steet, Budapest, District XI, 2010
7. Sustainable and Energy-Efficient Apartment Buildings
BKK-2, Sargfabrik, Vienna, Austria, 1996
Hentrich - Petschnigg & Partner (HPP), Dwellings for Young People, Leipzig, Germany, 2000
BKK-3, Miss Sargfabrik, Vienna, Austria, 2000
Roos Architekten, Apartment Block, Jona-Kempraten, Switzerland, 2004
Johannes and Hermann Kaufmann, AM Mühlweg Housing Complex, Unit A, Vienna, Austria, 2006
sps-architekten, Passive Energy Housing Complex “Samer Mösl", Salzburg, Austria, 2006
Aldric Beckmann - Françoise N’Thépé, Lot M3B3, Paris, France, 2007
Elenberg Fraser, Huski Apartments, Falls Creek, Australia, 2008
Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios, One Brighton Apartment Complex, Brighton, Great Britain, 2009
Grab Architekten, Kraftwerk B, Bennau, Switzerland, 2009
8. Bibliography